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Sunday, 25 July 2010

High Political Cost Paradox

JAKARTA, KOMPAS - Nowadays, Local election generate paradox. political cost that reach billions rupiah for a single candidacy confronted with idea to form a good governance that is uncorrupted, collusion and nepotism free either.

The election expense of 2010 is rising since considering the local election frequent. In 2010 KPU (Indonesia's Elections Committee) holds 244 elections. As details, 7 governor elections, 202 regent elections and 35 mayor elections. Professor of economy of Economics and Business Faculty, Gadjah Mada University Yogyakarta, Mr.Mudrajad Kuncoro to KOMPAS, Thursday (22/07/2010), estimated amount of 2010 elections expense reached number of 4 billion rupiah. The amount of total expense may vary due to variable expense of official candidates.

"For example, at the regency level, a candidate spends about 5 billion rupiah for his candidacy, a governor candidate spends much more even, it's not less than 20 billion rupiah much. Well, now that we can calculate of how much will the candidates spend of total for a single territory which sets 3 candidates in a row of each election level", Mr.Mudrajad said.

Previously, the Minister of Home Affairs, Mr.Gamawan Fauzi expressed paradox, billion rupiah of money meet the challenge to enter the row of local head-official candidacy. They meanwhile acquired to establish a good governance. Mr.Gamawan said that governor salary was 8.7 million rupiah per month, while regent salary was 6.2 million per month. "Assume that the elected governor spend 20 billion rupiah much, by his monthly revenue, how much time does he need to set those 20 billion back ?" the minister said (KOMPAS/22/07/2010).

Mayor of Natuna Raja, Riau archipelago, Mr. Amirullah admited that the election expense was relatively significant. However, they can raise money from many reliable sources such an private fund, grant and else.
"I fortunately run a business of my own, so I use mine. partners grants is something else", Mr.Amirullah said for he was reluctant to mention his expense in detail.            

Can be economist
Separately, mayor of Kubu Raya, Mr.Muda Hendrawan and mayor of North Kayong, Mr.Hildy Hamid, both in the West Borneo, admitted that they could save the political cost. They held survey among voters to watch their popularity and electability number as well. Both were on foot to candidacy as they possessed relevant issue of 60 percent electability number.

"For we are popular and trustful, we don't have to spend much. The matter is how to build communication with the loyal voters and how to make a solid winning team", Mr.Muda said. Those common popularity and trustworthy set Mr. Muda's confidence to win election trough the way of independent candidacy as well. This choice inflict him not to drain his wallet to be a philanthropist politician who easily share money to affiliate political party. He later on be able to apply his money effectively.
Mr. Muda spend about 1.5 billion rupiah much to win the 2008 election. That was a good deal to grab majority votes of Kubu Raya which is 7.000 kilometers square and consist of 300.000 voters spread in 9 sub-districts and 106 villages. As the result of being an independent candidate, Mr. Muda has no moral duty to political party at the moment he elected mayor. He finds no obstacle from political party whom officials seat in DPRD (the house of local legislative) also because of his neutral position and capability of building comprehensive communication with legislative. 

Mr. Hildy admitted that his political expense in the previous election was nearly reach 2 billion rupiah. The amount is fair to him elected functionaries of Local Unity Party and straight forwarding for candidacy trough the Party. "That come to be a factor of high political cost is expense related to all attempts taken to gain support of political party, exceedingly to them who don't belong to certain political party. The up-coming cost leverage would be astonishing as the candidate apply such strategy to recruit as many as possible party", he said.
Mr. Hildy appended, the intensity of his involvement in North Kayong expansion and the enchanting charisma of General Chairman of Local Unity Party, Mr.Oesman Sapta Odang who is Kayong origins, made his way to win candidacy by the number of 80 percent legal votes. The revenue of being a mayor is unbalance to  the candidacy expense but Mr. Hildy was fine to it. His His motivation was not raise income. It was something subtle. His annual revenue was about 360 million rupiah much. "I used to run a business with excellent asset and profit as well," Mr. Hildy said.

The Chairman of Local Election Team of Central Executive Council of National Mandate Party, Mr. Drajad Wibowo judge that highly expensive political cost affected by local election which held in the middle of poverty. Vote is the one and only access of people to derive something useful from the coming leader. In prosperous state, people reluctant to sale their vote for money or something equal. They eventually fund the chosen candidate voluntary, as it is occur in USA and Australia", Mr. Drajad said.

Therefore, the member of Commission II DPR (Indonesia's Legislative Body) from Fraction of The Rise of Nation, Mr. Abdul Malik Haramain suggests reinforcement of National Election Supervisor Body and National Election Committee to control funds of candidacy.              

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